1995年1月大学英语六级考试真题试卷 - 阅读2

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

The competition among producers of personal computers is essentially a race to get the best, most innovative products to the marketplace. Marketers in this environment frequently have to make a judgement as to their competitors' role when making marketing strategy decisions. If major competitors are changing their products, then a marketer may want to follow suit to remain competitive. Apple Computer, Inc. has introduced two new, faster personal computers, the Mackintosh II and Mackintosh SE, in anticipation of the introduction of a new PC by IBM, one of Apple's major competitors.
Apple's new computers are much faster and more powerful than its earlier models. The improved Mackinstosh is able to run programs that previously were impossible to run on an Apple PC, including IBM-compatible (兼容的) programs. This compatibility feature illustrates computer manufactures' new attitude of giving customers the features they want. Making Apple computers capable of running IBM software is Apple's effort at making the Mackintosh compatible with IBM computers and thus more popular in the office, where Apple hopes to increase sales. Users of the new Apple can also add accessories (附件) to make their machines specialize in specific uses, such as engineering and writing.
The new computers represent a big improvement over past models, but they also cost much more. Company officials do not think the higher price will slow down buyers who want to step up to a more powerful computer. Apple wants to stay in the high-price end of the personal computer market to finance research for even faster, more sophisticated computers.
Even though Apple and IBM are major competitors, both companies realize that their competitor's computers have certain features that their own models do not. The Apple line has always been popular for its sophisticated color graphics (图形), whereas the IBM machines have always been . In the future, there will probably be more compatibility between the two companies' products, which no doubt will require that both Apple and IBM change marketing strategies.

26. According to the passage, Apple Computer, Inc, has introduced the Mackintosh II and the Mackintosh SE because _____.
(A) IBM is changing its computer models continuously
(B) it wants to make its machines specialize in specific uses
(C) it wants to stay ahead of IBM in the competitive computer market
(D) it expects its major competitor IBM to follow its example

27. Apple hopes to increase Mackintosh sales chiefly by ______.
(A) making its new models capable of running IBM software
(B) improving the color graphics of its new models
(C) copying the marketing strategies of IBM
(D) giving the customers what they want

28. Apple sells its new computer models at a high price because ______.
(A) they have new features and functions
(B) they are more sophisticated than other models
(C) they have new accessories attached
(D) it wants to accumulate funds for future research

29. It can be inferred from the passage that both Apple and IBM try to gain a competitive advantage by _____.
(A) copying each other's technology
(B) incorporating features that make their products distinctive
(C) making their computer more expensive
(D) making their computers run much faster

30. The best title for the passage would be _____.
(A) Apple's Efforts to Stay Ahead of IBM
(B) Apple's New Computer Technology
(C) Apple's New personal Computers
(D) Apple's Research Activities

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