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Part III Listening Comprehension
M: I already know what I want to take next semester. So why do I have to make an appointment to see my advisor? All I need is her signature on my course sheet.
W: I'm afraid it doesn't work that way. She has to talk with you to make sure everything is on the right track.
M: What does the woman mean?
W: Gee, Tom, I hear that you're working as a house painter this summer. It's got to be awfully hot working up there on a ladder in the blazing sun all day.
M: Well it's hard work, but I get to be outdoors and the pay is decent.
W: What does the man imply?
M: This casserole really tastes good. I guess that's because the vegetables in it are fresh instead of canned.
W: I know. Kind of a rare treat in this cafeteria.
M: What does the woman mean?
W: Hi, I know Doctor Wilson’s out of town at a conference, but I was wondering….um….since she won’t be back till next week, if you…if you could check in your computer records and find out how I did on her mid-term exam?
M: I’m sorry, Miss. But I’m not authorized to give out that kind of information.
W: What does the man mean?
M: This stew is delicious. I’d love to be able to make it myself.
W: Why not? You can get all the ingredients at any supermarket. Here, let me get a pencil and paper.
M: What will the woman probably do next?
W: Hey, congratulations on winning the essay contest. That thousand-dollar prize money should really come in handy.
M: You bet! I’ve already put it aside to cover the increase my landlord just announced for next year.
W: What does the man mean?
W: Do you want to go running down by the lake after psychology class? I really like to take advantage of the beautiful weather this afternoon.
M: Well, normally I begin to gather with my study group then, but I guess I can skip that just this once
W: What does the man imply?
M: Let me tell you, I’m really happy I got that scholarship. But I wish my parents would stop bragging to everybody.
W: What, that's quite an accomplishment. If you ask me, I think you deserve a little bit recognition
M: What does the woman mean?
W: Hi, Jim. What are you doing?
M: Oh. Hi, Linda. I'm working on a report on energy sources for my environmental science class. But I'm having trouble finding enough information.
W: You know we were talking about sources of fuel in my class today.
W: Professor Collins. He's an authority on energy sources. He was telling us about a new way of getting fuel oil from coal.
M: I didn't know that was possible.
W: He said something about coal being set on fire and blasted with a mixture of steam and oxygen. This process produces a gas made up of hydrogen and carbon, the ...hum, the basic elements of oil.
M: And then they do something to change that gas to oil?
W: Right. First, since coal contains fewer hydrogen atoms than oil, they have to add some extra hydrogen to the gas. Then impurities are washed out with methanol, I think, before this gas is sent on to reactors where it's changed into oil.
M: Since coal is so plentiful I guess it won't be long till this new type of oil will be available all over the place, ah?
W: I doubt it. Prof. Collins said something about the process not be economically enough to use in this country. At any rate, you really ought to talk to him. He'll be able to help you more than I can and he's got office hours all afternoon today.
M: Thanks. He's over in Anderson Hall, right?
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
W: Question19. What are the students mainly discussing?
W: Question 20. How did the woman learn about the process she describes?
W: Question 21. In the process described by the woman, why is the coal burned?
W: Question 22. What does the woman mention as a disadvantage of the process she describes?
M: Have you ever read anything about pseudo sciences?
W: You mean fake sciences? Yes. In fact I was just reading some articles about the brain. I have been looking through some of my roommate's science magazines and I came across an article on phrenology.
M: Phrenology, wasn't that the pseudo science founded by the scientist Franz Gall?
W: Yes. Gall maintained that people's characters could be determined by the size and the shape of their skulls. For example he thought that a bump in a certain place on the head means that the person had the ability of a musician.
M: Really? I wonder what phrenologists would say about the bumps on my head. Would they say I have the abilities to be a doctor, or a plumber, or a thief?
W: Well, I'm not sure exactly what the connection is between a person's abilities and the physical characteristics of the head. But although there's no scientific basis for phrenology, it is true that the head is the center control for the rest of the body.
M: I guess you are right. Scientists now know that different parts of the brain control different parts of the body.
W: Yes. And I wouldn't be surprised that the scientists one day discover that certain aspect of phrenology has scientific application.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
W: Question 23. What is the source of the woman's information?
W: Question 24. According to phrenology, what determines a person's character?
W: Question 25. According to the conversation, what do we know about the sections of the brain?
Possibly the biggest space story this year was the discovery of water on the moon. The best evidence was provided by a dramatic experiment carried out on October ninth. NASA used its Lunar Crater Observing and Sensing Satellite, or L-CROSS, to look for water deep beneath the lunar surface. To get below the ancient lunar rocks, NASA crashed a rocket into the moon's south pole. The crash caused soil to be expelled many kilometers above the lunar surface. LCROSS studied the soil before it too crashed into the moon. The experiment pushed the search for water several meters below the lunar surface—much deeper than had been possible before. LCROSS scientists Anthony Colaprete and Kim Ennico study early results from the lunar impact experiment. In November, Anthony Colaprete, a leading scientist with the LCROSS project, spoke about information gathered by the spacecraft. He said about one hundred kilograms of water had been found in the material ejected by the moon crash. Water has now been confirmed in amounts much greater than had been thought. In September, NASA scientists had announced the discovery of water molecules mainly in the moon's extreme northern and southern areas. They noted, however, that they could also be seeing evidence of another molecule, hydroxyl.
Instruments on three separate spacecraft gathered that evidence of lunar water. NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper made the most recent observations. It was one of eleven scientific devices carried by the Chandrayaan-One spacecraft of the Indian Space Research Organization. But those observations were made years ago. NASA scientists had not trusted the results without clear confirmation.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.
Question 26. What is the biggest space story this year?
Question 27.What did Anthony Colaprete speak about the information gathered by the spacecraft?
Question 28. Why NASA scientists had not trusted the results without clear confirmation?
We all find that learning English takes effort and dedication. There’re times when you seem to hit a plateau when learning. A plateau here refers to a flat spot during which you don’t feel any advancement taking place. Educational research reveals this is normal. But don’t give up. Keep on studying and practicing. And you’ll soon feel as if you’re progressing once again. Just tell yourself that it is a temporary condition. Meanwhile, study faithfully. Do your best. And the rewards will be worth the struggle.
Why do we learn English? Most people say that English now becomes an international language, and it is a very useful tool, a means to achieve something else. But specifically, what is the use of a foreign language. We may use it to communicate freely with a native speaker. We may use it to get a job with a decent pay. We may use it to help negotiate a business contract with a foreign company. In any case, when you hurry through the last lesson of the language course, you’ll have your completion certificate hanging on your wall. A certificate may mean nothing in comparison with your accomplishment. What is really significant is that you have learned to use that language to your advantage and benefit. As your certificate might get stained, lost or destroyed in a fire. But what’s in your memory will go with you wherever you go. A language skill is worth money in today’s international business world. So study well, and cash in on success.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question29. What does the word plateau mean?
Question30.What is the speaker’s suggestions for further advancement in learning English?
Question31.Which of the following is NOT a reason that people learn a foreign language?
The Universal Expo, also known as World's Fair, is one of the three largest events in the world in terms of economic and cultural impact. However, compared with the other two great events: the modern Olympic Games and World Cup, the Expo has the longest history.
At the Expo, participating countries will set up their national pavilions in distinctive architectural styles with a view to attracting business people and tourists all over the world. The cost for building such a pavilion could amount to millions of dollars. But it is often far outweighed by benefits and potential revenues thus generated.
Usually an Expo will last between three and six months. The character of World Expositions has developed through history. Three stages are identified, namely the eras of industrialization, of cultural exchange and of nation branding.
The first era covered roughly the period from 1800 to 1850. In these days, World Expositions were especially focused on trade and famous for the display of scientific and technological advancements.
The second era started with the 1939 New York World's Fair. From then on, World's Fairs became more strongly based on its specific theme of cultural significance. Technology and inventions remained important, but no longer as the principal subjects. The defining elements of the Expos were cross-cultural communications and exchanges. Finally, in the early 1990s, countries started to use World Expositions more widely and strongly as a platform to improve their national images. A study shows that improving national image was the primary participation goal for 73% of the countries at Expo 2000.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question32. According to the talk, why do participating countries build their national pavilions at the Expo?
Question 33. Which of the following is not an element represented in the Expo?
Question 34. When was the second era?
Question 35. At Expo 2000, what was the primary goal for the majority of participating countries?
Now listen to the passage
It is often claimed that nuclear energy is something we cannot do without. We live in a consumer society where there is an enormous demand for commercial products of all kinds. Moreover, an increase in industrial production is considered to be one solution to the problem of mass unemployment. Such an increase presumes an abundant and cheap energy supply. Many people believe that nuclear energy provides an inexhaustible and economical source of power and that it is therefore essential for an industrially developing society. There are a number of other advantages in the use of nuclear energy. Firstly, nuclear power, except for accidents, is clean. A further advantage is that a nuclear power station can be run and maintained by relatively few technical and administrative staff. The nuclear reactor represents an enormous step in our scientific evolution and, whatever the anti-nuclear group says, it is wrong to expect a return to more primitive sources of fuel. However, opponents of nuclear energy point out that nuclear power stations bring a direct threat not only to the environment but also to civil liberties.
Furthermore, it is questionable whether ultimately nuclear power is a cheap source of energy. There have, for example, been very costly accidents in America, in Britain and, of course, in Russia. The possibility of increases in the cost of uranium in addition to the cost of greater safely provisions could price nuclear power out of the market. In the long run, environmentalists argue, nuclear energy wastes valuable resources and disturbs the ecology to an extent which could bring about the destruction of the human race. Thus, if we wish to survive, we cannot afford nuclear energy. In spite of the case against nuclear energy outlined above, nuclear energy programs are expanding. Such an expansion assumes a continual growth in industrial production and consumer demands. However, it is doubtful whether this growth will or can continue. Having weighed up the arguments on both sides, it seems there are good economic and ecological reasons for sources of energy other than nuclear power.
This is the end of listening comprehension.